The weekly festival is so central to Jewish life that the term shomer Shabbat Shabbat observer is synonymous with religious Jews. In the post- world, Jews are acutely aware of the issues raised by Hanukkah: oppression, identity, religious freedom and expression, and the need to fight for national independence. The origin of the game is from the time of Antiochus' oppression when Jews would conceal their studies by playing gambling games with a top a legal activity whenever they spied a Greek official. What are your special Hanukkah traditions? A day of fasting and lamentation, it also represents the need for tikkun, repair of our incomplete world. Prayer and fasting force us to suspend our daily existence; physical abstinence deepens us spiritually with greater appreciation for our everyday life. A Greek officer ordered Mattathias, a High Priest, to acquiesce to their demands, but Mattathias refused. What happens during the Passover Seder? Comments or to Leave a Comment.
Along with lighting an additional candle each night in the eight-strong candelabra called a menorah, the dish to eat are latkes, or potato pancakes. Karpas is a vegetable that is dipped in salted water, the salt water recalling the tear of the Jews during their slavery. It's always on the 15th of Nissan, the first month of the Jewish calendar. However, there are exceptions, like this next story. In the modern-day, some individuals celebrate this rite of passage later in life. Children play an important role in the seder and are expected to take part in many of its customs.
Favorite holiday memories and traditions often center around food — sweet honey cake at Rosh Hashanah, crispy potato latkes at Hanukkah, tender matzah balls at Passover and so much more. The Syrians desecrated the Temple, the holiest place for Jews at that time. It also commemorates the 40 years the Israelites lived in temporary shelters while wandering in the desert. It's symbolic of the mortar used by Hebrew slaves to build Egyptian structures, Boxt said. This was not a simple request, as it had been 30 days since King Ahasuerus had summoned Esther — and appearing before him without a summons was punishable by death. He asks for permission to destroy them, which the king grants. Though outnumbered, Judah Maccabee and his fighters miraculously won two major battles, routing the Syrians decisively.
The holiday of Hanukkah, with its positive portrayal of the Jewish fighter, spoke to the reality of the early Zionists who felt particularly connected to the message of freedom and liberty. What goes on the Seder plate? Finally, charoset is a combination of chopped apples, walnuts, cinnamon and sweet wine, which is meant to be reminiscent of the mortar that the Jews were forced to use when building as slaves in Egypt—slave labor was responsible for the building of the pyramids. At one point during the meal, the youngest child present recites the four questions, which ask what distinguishes this special night from all other nights. The story begins when King Ahasuerus also spelled Achashverosh, אחשורוש commands his wife, , to appear before him and his party guests. Here is a holiday-by-holiday guide to what one should eat and why. Although the ancient Egyptians kept thorough records, no mention is made of an Israelite community within their midst or any calamities resembling the 10 biblical plagues.
Passover is the holiday on which we commemorate our Redemption from Slavery in Egypt. Once there, the group found scarce pure oil left in the Temple to light the Menorah a nine fingered candelabrum which was supposed to burn throughout the night. Tagged under: , , , , , This fun Rosh Hashanah art project can result in beautiful homemade New Year's cards! By this time, it had been spiritually defiled by being used for the worship of foreign gods and also by practices such as sacrificing swine. Different-shaped pieces help cue students to give the correct items to each character. But to their dismay, they discovered that there was only one day's worth of oil left in the Temple.
For many years the Israelites live in harmony in the province of Goshen, but as their population grows the Egyptians begin to see them as a threat. Other more secular traditions include eating jelly donuts and fried potato pancakes to celebrate the importance of oil. Sukkot is intended to be a joyful festival that lets Jews live close to nature and know that God is taking care of them. Sefirat HaOmer connects Passover and Shavuot. He informs King Ahasuerus that if the Jews do not obey the king's laws, it would be in the kingdom's best interest to get rid of them. The holiday celebrates the saving of the Jews from ancient royal adviser Haman, who planned to massacre the Jewish people in the Achaemenid Empire in the Middle East.
Despite their small numbers, the Jews defeated their oppressors and rededicated the Temple. Blessings with visual supports were created to help make blessings simple, accessible, and understandable for students with a variety of disabilities. Josephus seems to be connecting the newfound liberty that resulted from the events with the image of light, and the holiday still is often referred to by the title Josephus gave it. The festival is celebrated with praying in the synagogue, personal reflection, and sounding the shofar - an ancient musical horn typically made of a ram's horn. People of all faiths will love this fascinating recording…perfect for family entertainment! Hanukkah began to find new expression in the years leading up to the founding of the modern State of Israel. Click for more about Jewish burial traditions. Regardless of our numbers, Hanukkah signifies the importance of possessing the strength to stand up for what we believe is right even if others disagree or work to oppress us.
According to the legend, when the Maccabees entered the Temple and began to reclaim it from the Greeks, they immediately relit the ner tamid eternal light , which burned constantly in the Temple and has a parallel in our synagogues to this day. Simchat Torah Falling the day after Sukkot, Simchat Torah — Rejoicing with the Torah — celebrates with humor, joy and song the completion and immediate beginning again of the yearly cycle of reading the Torah, Jewish written law. It also explains that people in temple wear kippot and tallitot. Assemble these blessings into a High Holiday book, or use them to create file folder activities. Josephus referred to the holiday as the Festival of Lights and not as Hanukkah. The evening break-fast is often a light meal of dairy foods such as sweet noodle kugel, cheesy blintzes, eggs, salads, bagels and fish such as herring, whitefish and lox. Purim is normally celebrated with an exchange of gifts between friends and families, and by giving donations to the poor.
The tenth and worst of the plagues was the death of the Egyptian first-born. She replies that she would like the king and Haman to join her at a banquet. Beitzah is a hardboiled egg, also recalling the Passover sacrifice, but linked to mourning, as eggs are traditionally the first item served to guests after a funeral. For example, vegetables are dipped into salt water representing the tears Jews shed during their time as slaves, and bitter herbs usually horseradish symbolizing the unpleasant years of their bondage are eaten. Friday night blessings over candles, wine and challah can quickly immerse us in the spirit of Shabbat shalom peace by involving all of our senses while special traditional foods often get modern twists — gluten-free challah, vegetarian or vegan main dishes instead of chicken or brisket and the addition of exciting flavors from around the world.